In this paper, the formulation of the biharmonic map equation in terms of the Maurer-Cartan form for all smooth maps of a compact Riemannian manifold into a compact Lie group (G,h) with the bi-invariant Riemannian metric h is obtained. Using this, all biharmonic curves into compact Lie groups are determined exactly, and all the biharmonic maps of an open domain of ℝ2 equipped with a Riemannian metric conformal to the standard Euclidean metric into (G,h) are determined.
"Biharmonic maps into compact Lie groups and integrable systems." Hokkaido Math. J. 43 (1) 73 - 103, February 2014. https://doi.org/10.14492/hokmj/1392906095