We introduce a three-parameter random walk with reinforcement, called the $(\theta,\alpha,\beta)$ scheme, which generalizes the linearly edge reinforced random walk to uncountable spaces. The parameter $\beta$ smoothly tunes the $(\theta,\alpha,\beta)$ scheme between this edge reinforced random walk and the classical exchangeable two-parameter Hoppe urn scheme, while the parameters $\alpha$ and $\theta$ modulate how many states are typically visited. Resorting to de Finetti’s theorem for Markov chains, we use the $(\theta,\alpha,\beta)$ scheme to define a nonparametric prior for Bayesian analysis of reversible Markov chains. The prior is applied in Bayesian nonparametric inference for species sampling problems with data generated from a reversible Markov chain with an unknown transition kernel. As a real example, we analyze data from molecular dynamics simulations of protein folding.
"Bayesian nonparametric analysis of reversible Markov chains." Ann. Statist. 41 (2) 870 - 896, April 2013. https://doi.org/10.1214/13-AOS1102