We establish a correspondence between consistent comprehension schemes and complete orthogonal factorisation systems. The comprehensive factorisation of a functor between small categories arises in this way. Similar factorisation systems exist for the categories of topological spaces, simplicial sets, small multicategories and Feynman categories. In each case comprehensive factorisation induces a natural notion of universal covering, leading to a Galois-type definition of fundamental group for based objects of the category.
"Comprehensive factorisation systems." Tbilisi Math. J. 10 (3) 255 - 277, June 2017. https://doi.org/10.1515/tmj-2017-0112