The core data of molecular biology consists of DNA sequences. We will show how DNA sequences may be used to infer the evolution of the primates, human, chimpanzee, ape, orangutan and gibbon. The underlying probability models are taken to be Markov processes on trees. Some dependencies along the sequence due to the genetic code are also considered.
"Statistical Analysis of Hominoid Molecular Evolution." Statist. Sci. 2 (2) 191 - 207, May, 1987. https://doi.org/10.1214/ss/1177013353