We prove some weighted inequalities for delta derivatives acting on products and compositions of functions on time scales and apply them to obtain generalized dynamic Opial-type inequalities. We also employ these inequalities to establish some new dynamic Lyapunov-type inequalities, which are essential in studying disfocality, disconjugacy, lower bounds of eigenvalues, and distance between generalized zeros for half-linear dynamic equations. In particular, we solve an open problem posed by Saker in [Math. Comput. Modelling 58 (2013), 1777-1790]. Moreover, the results presented in this paper generalize, improve, extend, and unify most of known results not only in the discrete and continuous analysis but also on time scales.
"Opial and Lyapunov inequalities on time scales and their applications to dynamic equations." Kodai Math. J. 40 (2) 254 - 277, June 2017. https://doi.org/10.2996/kmj/1499846597