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We compute the automorphism groups of the Torelli complex and the complex of separating curves for all but finitely many compact orientable surfaces. As an application, we show that the abstract commensurators of the Torelli group and the Johnson kernel for such surfaces are naturally isomorphic to the extended mapping class group.
In this paper, we study limit spaces of a sequence of n-dimensional complete Riemannian manifolds whose Ricci curvatures have definite lower bound. We will give several measure theoretical properties of such limit spaces.
We define a higher homotopy commutativity for the multiplication of a topological monoid. To give the definition, we use the resultohedra constructed by Gelfand, Kapranov and Zelevinsky. Using the higher homotopy commutativity, we have necessary and sufficient conditions for the classifying space of a topological monoid to have a special structure considered by Félix, Tanré and Aguadé. It is also shown that our higher homotopy commutativity is rationally equivalent to the one of Williams.
We discuss the topology of Hausdorff leaf spaces (briefly the HLS) for foliation of codimension one. After examining the connection between HLSs and warped foliations, we describe the HLSs associated with foliations obtained by basic constructions such as transversal and tangential gluing, spinning, turbulization and suspension. We show that the HLS for any foliation of codimension one on a compact Riemannian manifold is isometric to a finite connected metric graph, and any finite connected metric graph is isometric to a certain HLS. In the final part of this paper, we discuss the condition for a sequence of warped foliations to converge the HLS.
In this paper, for any pointed map f: X → Y between finite type nilpotent CW-complexes, we obtain L∞ and Lie models of mapf*(X,Y), the pointed space of based maps homotopic to f, in terms of Lie algebras constructed from the Quillen models of X and Y. The main advantage of our approach is to allow X to be an infinite dimensional CW-complex, in which case mapf*(X,Y) has no longer the homotopy type of a finite type CW-complex.
A standard way to parametrize the boundary of a connected fractal tile T is proposed. The parametrization is Hölder continuous from R/Z to ∂T and fixed points of ∂T have algebraic preimages. A class of planar tiles is studied in detail as sample cases and a relation with the recurrent set method by Dekking is discussed. When the tile T is a topological disk, this parametrization is a bi-Hölder homeomorphism.
Weiss and, independently, Mazzeo and Montcouquiol recently proved that a 3-dimensional hyperbolic cone-manifold (possibly with vertices) with all cone angles less than 2π is infinitesimally rigid. On the other hand, Casson provided 1998 an example of an infinitesimally flexible cone-manifold with some of the cone angles larger than 2π. In this paper several new examples of infinitesimally flexible cone-manifolds are constructed. The basic idea is that the double of an infinitesimally flexible polyhedron is an infinitesimally flexible cone-manifold. With some additional effort, we are able to construct infinitesimally flexible cone-manifolds without vertices and with all cone angles larger than 2π.
We introduce a Siegel-Eisenstein series of degree 2 which generates a cohomological representation of Saito-Kurokawa type at the real place. We study its Fourier expansion in detail, which is based on an investigation of the confluent hypergeometric functions with spherical harmonic polynomials. We will also consider certain Mellin transforms of the Eisenstein series, which are twisted by cuspidal Maass wave forms, and show their holomorphic continuations to the whole plane.
In this paper we will introduce a version of exponential attractor for non-autonomous equations as a time dependent set with uniformly bounded finite fractal dimension which is positively invariant and attracts every bounded set at an exponential rate. This is a natural generalization of the existent notion for autonomous equations. A generation theorem will be proved under the assumption that the evolution operator is a compact perturbation of a contraction. In the second half of the paper, these results will be applied to some non-autonomous chemotaxis system.
This paper concerns a random walk that moves on the integer lattice and has zero mean and a finite variance. We obtain first an asymptotic estimate of the transition probability of the walk absorbed at the origin, and then, using the obtained estimate, that of the walk absorbed on a half line. The latter is used to evaluate the space-time distribution for the first entrance of the walk into the half line.