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In this paper we prove density of asymptotically flat solutions with special asymptotics in general classes of solutions of the vacuum constraint equations. The first type of special asymptotic form we consider is called harmonic asymptotics. This generalizes in a natural way the conformally flat asymptotics for the K = 0 constraint equations. We show that solutions with harmonic asymptotics form a dense subset (in a suitable weighted Sobolev topology) of the full set of solutions. An important feature of this construction is that the approximation allows large changes in the angular momentum. The second density theorem we prove allows us to approximate asymptotically flat initial data on a three-manifold M for the vacuum Einstein field equation by solutions which agree with the original data inside a given domain, and are identical to that of a suitable Kerr slice (or identical to a member of some other admissible family of solutions) outside a large ball in a given end. The construction generalizes work in [C], where the time-symmetric (K = 0) case was studied.
We prove that many features of Thurston's Dehn surgery theory for hyperbolic 3-manifolds generalize to Einstein metrics in any dimension. In particular, this gives large, infinite families of new Einstein metrics on compact manifolds.
Let G be the real locus of a connected semisimple linear algebraic group G defined over Q, and Γ ⊂ G(Q) an arithmetic subgroup. Then the quotient Γ\G is a natural homogeneous space, whose quotient on the right by a maximal compact subgroup K of G gives a locally symmetric space Γ\G/K. This paper constructs several new compactifications of Γ\G. The first two are related to the Borel-Serre compactification and the reductive Borel-Serre compactification of the locally symmetric space Γ\G/K; in fact, they give rise to alternative constructions of these known compactifications. More importantly, the compactifications of Γ\G imply extension to the compactifications of homogeneous bundles on Γ\G/K, and quotients of these compactifications under non-maximal compact subgroups H provide compactifications of period domains Γ\G/H in the theory of variation of Hodge structures. Another compactification of Γ\G is obtained via embedding into the space of closed subgroups of G and is closely related to the constant term of automorhpic forms, in particular Eisenstein series.
Let π be the fundamental group of a closed surface Σ of genus g > 1. One of the fundamental problems in complex hyperbolic geometry is to find all discrete, faithful, geometrically finite and purely loxodromic representations of π into SU(2, 1), (the triple cover of) the group of holomorphic isometries of H2C. In particular, given a discrete, faithful, geometrically finite and purely loxodromic representation ρ0 of π1, can we find an open neighbourhood of ρ0 comprising representations with these properties. We show that this is indeed the case when ρ0 preserves a totally real Lagrangian plane.
The J-flow is a parabolic flow on Kähler manifolds. It was defined by Donaldson in the setting of moment maps and by Chen as the gradient flow of the J-functional appearing in his formula for the Mabuchi energy. It is shown here that under a certain condition on the initial data, the J-flow converges to a critical metric. This is a generalization to higher dimensions of the author's previous work on Kähler surfaces. A corollary of this is the lower boundedness of the Mabuchi energy on Kähler classes satisfying a certain inequality when the first Chern class of the manifold is negative.