With the rapid development of the Internet and the mobile service robot, the digital services are becoming important factors for robots to recognize things in the real world. Advances in computer technology and the risk of copyright infringement have increased in the way that anyone replicates and copies digital media easily. Therefore, ways to prevent and suppress copyright infringement, digital watermarking technologies that insert copyrights information into the work, are being researched. Digital watermark, depending on the actual insert domain, can be categorized into the spatial domain and transform domain. In this paper, we propose an extended DCT domain watermarking for robot vision. The suggested method is by distributing and duplicating watermark images that are including copyright information on the original images. By doing this, it can be strong on geometric image attacks such as partial cutting, resizing, rotating, and so forth. For the success of watermark extraction, invertible process can be used to recover a disfigured image. Experimental results are provided to support these methods, through the process of recombination by complete image pieces.
"An Extended DCT Domain Watermarking for Robot Vision against Geometric Image Attacks." J. Appl. Math. 2013 1 - 8, 2013. https://doi.org/10.1155/2013/632043