An improved particle swarm optimization (PSO) algorithm is proposed for solving bilevel multiobjective programming problem (BLMPP). For such problems, the proposed algorithm directly simulates the decision process of bilevel programming, which is different from most traditional algorithms designed for specific versions or based on specific assumptions. The BLMPP is transformed to solve multiobjective optimization problems in the upper level and the lower level interactively by an improved PSO. And a set of approximate Pareto optimal solutions for BLMPP is obtained using the elite strategy. This interactive procedure is repeated until the accurate Pareto optimal solutions of the original problem are found. Finally, some numerical examples are given to illustrate the feasibility of the proposed algorithm.
"An Improved Particle Swarm Optimization for Solving Bilevel Multiobjective Programming Problem." J. Appl. Math. 2012 1 - 13, 2012. https://doi.org/10.1155/2012/626717