We provide the asymptotic minimax detection boundary for a bump, i.e. an abrupt change, in the mean function of a stationary Gaussian process. This will be characterized in terms of the asymptotic behavior of the bump length and height as well as the dependency structure of the process. A major finding is that the asymptotic minimax detection boundary is generically determined by the value of its spectral density at zero. Finally, our asymptotic analysis is complemented by non-asymptotic results for AR($p$) processes and confirmed to serve as a good proxy for finite sample scenarios in a simulation study. Our proofs are based on laws of large numbers for non-independent and non-identically distributed arrays of random variables and the asymptotically sharp analysis of the precision matrix of the process.
"Bump detection in the presence of dependency: Does it ease or does it load?." Bernoulli 26 (4) 3280 - 3310, November 2020. https://doi.org/10.3150/20-BEJ1226