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We consider the Schrödinger equation for the harmonic oscillator i∂tu=Hu, where H=−Δ+|x|2, with initial data in the Hermite–Sobolev space H−s/2L2(ℝn). We obtain smoothing and maximal estimates and apply these to perturbations of the equation and almost everywhere convergence problems.
The face numbers of simplicial complexes without missing faces of dimension larger than i are studied. It is shown that among all such (d−1)-dimensional complexes with non-vanishing top homology, a certain polytopal sphere has the componentwise minimal f-vector; and moreover, among all such 2-Cohen–Macaulay (2-CM) complexes, the same sphere has the componentwise minimal h-vector. It is also verified that the l-skeleton of a flag (d−1)-dimensional 2-CM complex is 2(d−l)-CM, while the l-skeleton of a flag piecewise linear (d−1)-sphere is 2(d−l)-homotopy CM. In addition, tight lower bounds on the face numbers of 2-CM balanced complexes in terms of their dimension and the number of vertices are established.
In this paper we consider the problem of the non-empty intersection of exposed faces in a Banach space. We find a sufficient condition to assure that the non-empty intersection of exposed faces is an exposed face. This condition involves the concept of inner point. Finally, we also prove that every minimal face of the unit ball must be an extreme point and show that this is not the case at all for minimal exposed faces since we prove that every Banach space with dimension greater than or equal to 2 can be equivalently renormed to have a non-singleton, minimal exposed face.
In this paper we study the singularities of holomorphic functions of bicomplex variables introduced by G. B. Price (An Introduction to Multicomplex Spaces and Functions, Dekker, New York, 1991). In particular, we use computational algebra techniques to show that even in the case of one bicomplex variable, there cannot be compact singularities. The same techniques allow us to prove a duality theorem for such functions.
We characterize those Lie groups, and algebraic groups over a local field of characteristic zero, whose first reduced Lp-cohomology is zero for all p>1, extending a result of Pansu. As an application, we obtain a description of Gromov-hyperbolic groups among those groups. In particular we prove that any non-elementary Gromov-hyperbolic algebraic group over a non-Archimedean local field of zero characteristic is quasi-isometric to a 3-regular tree. We also extend the study to general semidirect products of a locally compact group by a cyclic group acting by contracting automorphisms.
For each closed, positive (1,1)-current ω on a complex manifold X and each ω-upper semicontinuous function φ on X we associate a disc functional and prove that its envelope is equal to the supremum of all ω-plurisubharmonic functions dominated by φ. This is done by reducing to the case where ω has a global potential. Then the result follows from Poletsky’s theorem, which is the special case ω=0. Applications of this result include a formula for the relative extremal function of an open set in X and, in some cases, a description of the ω-polynomial hull of a set.
In an infinite sequence of independent identically distributed continuous random variables we study the number of strings of two subsequent records interrupted by a given number of non-records. By embedding in a marked Poisson process we prove that these counts are independent and Poisson distributed. Also the distribution of the number of uninterrupted strings of records is considered.
In this paper, we define boundary single and double layer potentials for Laplace’s equation in certain bounded domains with d-Ahlfors regular boundary, considerably more general than Lipschitz domains. We show that these layer potentials are invertible as mappings between certain Besov spaces and thus obtain layer potential solutions to the regularity, Neumann, and Dirichlet problems with boundary data in these spaces.
In this work, we give a perturbation theorem for strong polynomial solutions to the zero surface tension Hele-Shaw equation driven by injection or suction, the so called Polubarinova–Galin equation. This theorem enables us to explore properties of solutions with initial functions close to polynomials. Applications of this theorem are given in the suction and injection cases. In the former case, we show that if the initial domain is close to a disk, most of the fluid will be sucked before the strong solution blows up. In the latter case, we obtain precise large-time rescaling behaviors for large data to Hele-Shaw flows in terms of invariant Richardson complex moments. This rescaling behavior result generalizes a recent result regarding large-time rescaling behavior for small data in terms of moments. As a byproduct of a theorem in this paper, a short proof of existence and uniqueness of strong solutions to the Polubarinova–Galin equation is given.