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February 2016 Adaptation to lowest density regions with application to support recovery
Tim Patschkowski, Angelika Rohde
Ann. Statist. 44(1): 255-287 (February 2016). DOI: 10.1214/15-AOS1366


A scheme for locally adaptive bandwidth selection is proposed which sensitively shrinks the bandwidth of a kernel estimator at lowest density regions such as the support boundary which are unknown to the statistician. In case of a Hölder continuous density, this locally minimax-optimal bandwidth is shown to be smaller than the usual rate, even in case of homogeneous smoothness. Some new type of risk bound with respect to a density-dependent standardized loss of this estimator is established. This bound is fully nonasymptotic and allows to deduce convergence rates at lowest density regions that can be substantially faster than $n^{-1/2}$. It is complemented by a weighted minimax lower bound which splits into two regimes depending on the value of the density. The new estimator adapts into the second regime, and it is shown that simultaneous adaptation into the fastest regime is not possible in principle as long as the Hölder exponent is unknown. Consequences on plug-in rules for support recovery are worked out in detail. In contrast to those with classical density estimators, the plug-in rules based on the new construction are minimax-optimal, up to some logarithmic factor.


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Tim Patschkowski. Angelika Rohde. "Adaptation to lowest density regions with application to support recovery." Ann. Statist. 44 (1) 255 - 287, February 2016.


Received: 1 September 2014; Revised: 1 May 2015; Published: February 2016
First available in Project Euclid: 10 December 2015

zbMATH: 1331.62222
MathSciNet: MR3449768
Digital Object Identifier: 10.1214/15-AOS1366

Primary: 62G07

Keywords: adaptation to lowest density regions , Anisotropic density estimation , Bandwidth selection , density dependent minimax optimality , support estimation

Rights: Copyright © 2016 Institute of Mathematical Statistics

Vol.44 • No. 1 • February 2016
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