Sliced inverse regression (Duan and Li [Ann. Statist. 19 (1991) 505–530], Li [J. Amer. Statist. Assoc. 86 (1991) 316–342]) is an appealing dimension reduction method for regression models with multivariate covariates. It has been extended by Ferré and Yao [Statistics 37 (2003) 475–488, Statist. Sinica 15 (2005) 665–683] and Hsing and Ren [Ann. Statist. 37 (2009) 726–755] to functional covariates where the whole trajectories of random functional covariates are completely observed. The focus of this paper is to develop sliced inverse regression for intermittently and sparsely measured longitudinal covariates. We develop asymptotic theory for the new procedure and show, under some regularity conditions, that the estimated directions attain the optimal rate of convergence. Simulation studies and data analysis are also provided to demonstrate the performance of our method.
"Inverse regression for longitudinal data." Ann. Statist. 42 (2) 563 - 591, April 2014. https://doi.org/10.1214/13-AOS1193