This article examines density estimation by combining a parametric approach with a nonparametric factor. The plug-in parametric estimator is seen as a crude estimator of the true density and is adjusted by a nonparametric factor. The nonparametric factor is derived by a criterion called local L2-fitting. A class of estimators that have multiplicative adjustment is provided, including estimators proposed by several authors as special cases, and the asymptotic theories are developed. Theoretical comparison reveals that the estimators in this class are better than, or at least competitive with, the traditional kernel estimator in a broad class of densities. The asymptotically best estimator in this class can be obtained from the elegant feature of the bias function.
"Semiparametric density estimation by local L2-fitting." Ann. Statist. 32 (3) 1162 - 1191, June 2004. https://doi.org/10.1214/009053604000000319