We specify the Markov process corresponding to a generalized mollified Boltzmann equation with general motion between collisions and nonlinear bounded jump (collision) operator, and give the nonlinear martingale problem it solves. We consider various linear interacting particle systems in order to approximate this nonlinear process. We prove propagation of chaos, in variation norm on path space with a precise rate of convergence, using coupling and interaction graph techniques and a representation of the nonlinear process on a Boltzmann tree. No regularity nor uniqueness assumption is needed. We then consider a nonlinear equation with both Vlasov and Boltzmann terms and give a weak pathwise propagation of chaos result using a compactness-uniqueness method which necessitates some regularity. These results imply functional laws of large numbers and extend to multitype models. We give algorithms simulating or approximating the particle systems.
"Stochastic particle approximations for generalized Boltzmann models and convergence estimates." Ann. Probab. 25 (1) 115 - 132, January 1997. https://doi.org/10.1214/aop/1024404281