Graphical models are widely used to study biological networks. Interventions on network nodes are an important feature of many experimental designs for the study of biological networks. In this paper we put forward a causal variant of dynamic Bayesian networks (DBNs) for the purpose of modeling time-course data with interventions. The models inherit the simplicity and computational efficiency of DBNs but allow interventional data to be integrated into network inference. We show empirical results, on both simulated and experimental data, that demonstrate the need to appropriately handle interventions when interventions form part of the design.
"Inferring network structure from interventional time-course experiments." Ann. Appl. Stat. 9 (1) 507 - 524, March 2015. https://doi.org/10.1214/15-AOAS806