The Annals of Probability

On the moments and the interface of the symbiotic branching model

Jochen Blath, Leif Döring, and Alison Etheridge

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In this paper we introduce a critical curve separating the asymptotic behavior of the moments of the symbiotic branching model, introduced by Etheridge and Fleischmann [Stochastic Process. Appl. 114 (2004) 127–160] into two regimes. Using arguments based on two different dualities and a classical result of Spitzer [Trans. Amer. Math. Soc. 87 (1958) 187–197] on the exit-time of a planar Brownian motion from a wedge, we prove that the parameter governing the model provides regimes of bounded and exponentially growing moments separated by subexponential growth. The moments turn out to be closely linked to the limiting distribution as time tends to infinity. The limiting distribution can be derived by a self-duality argument extending a result of Dawson and Perkins [Ann. Probab. 26 (1998) 1088–1138] for the mutually catalytic branching model.

As an application, we show how a bound on the 35th moment improves the result of Etheridge and Fleischmann [Stochastic Process. Appl. 114 (2004) 127–160] on the speed of the propagation of the interface of the symbiotic branching model.

Article information

Ann. Probab., Volume 39, Number 1 (2011), 252-290.

First available in Project Euclid: 3 December 2010

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Mathematical Reviews number (MathSciNet)

Zentralblatt MATH identifier

Primary: 60K35: Interacting random processes; statistical mechanics type models; percolation theory [See also 82B43, 82C43]
Secondary: 60J80: Branching processes (Galton-Watson, birth-and-death, etc.)

Symbiotic branching model mutually catalytic branching stepping stone model parabolic Anderson model moment duality self-duality propagation of interface exit distribution


Blath, Jochen; Döring, Leif; Etheridge, Alison. On the moments and the interface of the symbiotic branching model. Ann. Probab. 39 (2011), no. 1, 252--290. doi:10.1214/10-AOP543.

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