Open Access
VOL. 1 | 2008 U-tests for variance components in one-way random effects models
Juvêncio S. Nobre, Julio M. Singer, Mervyn J. Silvapulle

Editor(s) N. Balakrishnan, Edsel A. Peña, Mervyn J. Silvapulle

Inst. Math. Stat. (IMS) Collect., 2008: 197-210 (2008) DOI: 10.1214/193940307000000149


We consider a test for the hypothesis that the within-treatment variance component in a one-way random effects model is null. This test is based on a decomposition of a U-statistic. Its asymptotic null distribution is derived under the mild regularity condition that the second moment of the random effects and the fourth moment of the within-treatment errors are finite. Under the additional assumption that the fourth moment of the random effect is finite, we also derive the distribution of the proposed U-test statistic under a sequence of local alternative hypotheses. We report the results of a simulation study conducted to compare the performance of the U-test with that of the usual F-test. The main conclusions of the simulation study are that (i) under normality or under moderate degrees of imbalance in the design, the F-test behaves well when compared to the U-test, and (ii) when the distribution of the random effects and within-treatment errors are nonnormal, the U-test is preferable even when the number of treatments is small.


Published: 1 January 2008
First available in Project Euclid: 1 April 2008

MathSciNet: MR2462207

Digital Object Identifier: 10.1214/193940307000000149

Primary: 62F03
Secondary: 62F05

Keywords: Martingales , one-sided hypotheses , one-way random effects model , repeated measures , U-statistics , variance components

Rights: Copyright © 2008, Institute of Mathematical Statistics

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