The development of expert systems in medicine has generally been accompanied by a rejection of formal probabilistic methods for handling uncertainty. We argue that a coherent probabilistic approach can, if carefully applied, meet many of the practical demands being made, and briefly illustrate our claim with three current projects.
"Probabilistic Expert Systems in Medicine: Practical Issues in Handling Uncertainty." Statist. Sci. 2 (1) 25 - 30, February, 1987. https://doi.org/10.1214/ss/1177013428