This is a survey of the use of the bootstrap in the area of systematic and evolutionary biology. I present the current usage by biologists of the bootstrap as a tool both for making inferences and for evaluating robustness, and propose a framework for thinking about these problems in terms of mathematical statistics.
"Bootstrapping Phylogenetic Trees: Theory and Methods." Statist. Sci. 18 (2) 241 - 255, May 2003. https://doi.org/10.1214/ss/1063994979