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February 1999 Analyzing Musical Structure and Performance---A Statistical Approach
Jan Beran, Guerino Mazzola
Statist. Sci. 14(1): 47-79 (February 1999). DOI: 10.1214/ss/1009211806


Musical performance theory and the theory of musical structure in general is a rapidly developing field of musicology that has wide practical implications. Due to the complex nature of music, statistics is likely to play an important role. In spite of this, up to the present, applications of statistical methods to music have been rare and mostly limited to a formal confirmation of results obtained by other methods. The present paper introduces a statistical approach to the analysis of metric, melodic and harmonic structures of a score and their influence on musical performance. Examples by Schumann, Webern and Bach illustrate the proposed method of numerical encoding and hierarchical decomposition of score information. Application to performance data is exemplified by the analysis of tempo data for Schumann's “Träumerei” op. 15/7. The paper demonstrates why statistics should play a major active part in performance research. The results obtained here are only a starting point and should, hopefully, stimulate a fruitful discussion between statisticians, musicologists, computer scientists and other researchers interested in the area.


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Jan Beran. Guerino Mazzola. "Analyzing Musical Structure and Performance---A Statistical Approach." Statist. Sci. 14 (1) 47 - 79, February 1999.


Published: February 1999
First available in Project Euclid: 24 December 2001

zbMATH: 1059.62754
Digital Object Identifier: 10.1214/ss/1009211806

Rights: Copyright © 1999 Institute of Mathematical Statistics


Vol.14 • No. 1 • February 1999
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