A dcpo model of a topological space $X$ is a dcpo (directed complete poset) $P$ such that $X$ is homeomorphic to the maximal point space of $P$ with the subspace topology of the Scott space of $P$. It has been previously proved by Xi and Zhao that every $T_1$ space has a dcpo model. It is, however, still unknown whether every $T_1$ space has a bounded complete dcpo model (a poset is bounded complete if each of its upper bounded subsets has a supremum). In this paper, we first show that the set of natural numbers equipped with the co-finite topology does not have a bounded complete dcpo model and then prove that a large class of topological spaces (including all Hausdorff $k$-spaces) have a bounded complete dcpo model. We shall mainly focus on the model formed by all of the nonempty closed compact subsets of the given space.
"On topological spaces that have a bounded complete DCPO model." Rocky Mountain J. Math. 48 (1) 141 - 156, 2018. https://doi.org/10.1216/RMJ-2018-48-1-141