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2002 Bolzano's Theory of Ground and Consequence
Armin Tatzel
Notre Dame J. Formal Logic 43(1): 1-25 (2002). DOI: 10.1305/ndjfl/1071505767


The aim of the paper is to present and evaluate Bolzano's theory of grounding, that is, his theory of the concept expressed and the relation brought into play by 'because'. In the first part of the paper (Sections 1-4) the concept of grounding is distinguished from and related to three other concepts: the concept of an epistemic reason}, the concept of causality, and the concept of deducibility (i.e., logical consequence). In its second part (Sections 5-7) Bolzano's positive account of grounding is reconstructed in axiomatic form and critically discussed.


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Armin Tatzel. "Bolzano's Theory of Ground and Consequence." Notre Dame J. Formal Logic 43 (1) 1 - 25, 2002.


Published: 2002
First available in Project Euclid: 15 December 2003

zbMATH: 1047.03007
MathSciNet: MR2033313
Digital Object Identifier: 10.1305/ndjfl/1071505767

Primary: 03A05

Keywords: Bolzano , causality , deducibility , epistemic reason , grounding

Rights: Copyright © 2002 University of Notre Dame

Vol.43 • No. 1 • 2002
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