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September 2015 Semiclassical orthogonal polynomial systems on nonuniform lattices, deformations of the Askey table, and analogues of isomonodromy
N. S. Witte
Nagoya Math. J. 219: 127-234 (September 2015). DOI: 10.1215/00277630-3140952


A D-semiclassical weight is one which satisfies a particular linear, first-order homogeneous equation in a divided-difference operator D. It is known that the system of polynomials, orthogonal with respect to this weight, and the associated functions satisfy a linear, first-order homogeneous matrix equation in the divided-difference operator termed the spectral equation. Attached to the spectral equation is a structure which constitutes a number of relations such as those arising from compatibility with the three-term recurrence relation. Here this structure is elucidated in the general case of quadratic lattices. The simplest examples of the D-semiclassical orthogonal polynomial systems are precisely those in the Askey table of hypergeometric and basic hypergeometric orthogonal polynomials. However within the D-semiclassical class it is entirely natural to define a generalization of the Askey table weights which involve a deformation with respect to new deformation variables. We completely construct the analogous structures arising from such deformations and their relations with the other elements of the theory. As an example we treat the first nontrivial deformation of the Askey–Wilson orthogonal polynomial system defined by the q-quadratic divided-difference operator, the Askey–Wilson operator, and derive the coupled first-order divided-difference equations characterizing its evolution in the deformation variable. We show that this system is a member of a sequence of classical solutions to the E7(1) q-Painlevé system.


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N. S. Witte. "Semiclassical orthogonal polynomial systems on nonuniform lattices, deformations of the Askey table, and analogues of isomonodromy." Nagoya Math. J. 219 127 - 234, September 2015.


Received: 9 May 2012; Accepted: 31 October 2014; Published: September 2015
First available in Project Euclid: 20 October 2015

zbMATH: 1334.39024
MathSciNet: MR3413576
Digital Object Identifier: 10.1215/00277630-3140952

Primary: 39A05
Secondary: 33C45, 34M55, 34M56, 37K35, 42C05

Rights: Copyright © 2015 Editorial Board, Nagoya Mathematical Journal


Vol.219 • September 2015
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