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JANUARY, 2006 How can we escape Thomae's relations?
J. Math. Soc. Japan 58(1): 183-210 (JANUARY, 2006). DOI: 10.2969/jmsj/1145287098


In 1879, Thomae discussed the relations between two generic hypergeometric 3F2-series with argument 1. It is well-known since then that, in combination with the trivial ones which come from permutations of the parameters of the hypergeometric series, Thomae had found a set of 120 relations. More recently, Rhin and Viola asked the following question (in a different, but equivalent language of integrals): If there exists a linear dependence relation over Q between two convergent 3F2-series with argument 1, with integral parameters, and whose values are irrational numbers, is this relation a specialisation of one of the 120 Thomae relations? A few years later, Sato answered this question in the negative, by giving six examples of relations which cannot be explained by Thomae's relations. We show that Sato's counter-examples can be naturally embedded into two families of infinitely many 3F2-relations, both parametrised by three independent parameters. Moreover, we find two more infinite families of the same nature. The families, which do not seem to have been recorded before, come from certain 3F2-transformation formulae and contiguous relations. We also explain in detail the relationship between the integrals of Rhin and Viola and 3F2-series.


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Christian KRATTENTHALER. Tanguy RIVOAL. "How can we escape Thomae's relations?." J. Math. Soc. Japan 58 (1) 183 - 210, JANUARY, 2006.


Published: JANUARY, 2006
First available in Project Euclid: 17 April 2006

zbMATH: 1092.33006
MathSciNet: MR2204570
Digital Object Identifier: 10.2969/jmsj/1145287098

Primary: 33C20
Secondary: 11J72 , 11J82

Keywords: continuous relations , hypergeometric series , irrationality of zeta values , multiple integrals , Thomae transformations

Rights: Copyright © 2006 Mathematical Society of Japan


Vol.58 • No. 1 • JANUARY, 2006
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