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We construct using Lefschetz fibrations a large family of contact manifolds with the following properties: any bounding contact embedding into an exact symplectic manifold satisfying a mild topological assumption is non-displaceable and generically has infinitely many leafwise intersection points. Moreover, any Stein filling of dimension at least six has infinite-dimensional symplectic homology.
We introduce differentiable stacks and explain the relationship with Lie groupoids. Then we study $S^1$-bundles and $S^1$-gerbes over differentiable stacks. In particular, we establish the relationship between $S^1$-gerbes and groupoid $S^1$-central extensions. We define connections and curvings for groupoid $S^1$-central extensions extending the corresponding notions of Brylinski, Hitchin and Murray for $S^1$-gerbes over manifolds. We develop a Chern–Weil theory of characteristic classes in this general setting by presenting a construction of Chern classes and Dixmier–Douady classes in terms of analog of connections and curvatures. We also describe a prequantization result for both $S^1$-bundles and $S^1$-gerbes extending the well-known result of Weil and Kostant. In particular, we give an explicit construction of $S^1$-central extensions with prescribed curvature-like data.
We provide an explicit resolution of the Abreu equation on convex labeled quadrilaterals. This confirms a conjecture of Donaldson in this particular case and implies a complete classification of the explicit toric Kähler–Einstein and toric Sasaki–Einstein metrics constructed. As a byproduct, we obtain a wealth of extremal toric (complex) orbi-surfaces, including Kähler–Einstein ones, and show that for a toric orbi-surface with four fixed points of the torus action, the vanishing of the Futaki invariant is a necessary and sufficient condition for the existence of Kähler metric with constant scalar curvature. Our results also provide explicit examples of relative K-unstable toric orbi-surfaces that do not admit extremal metrics.