We introduce a generalization of the formal local cohomology module, which we call a formal local cohomology module with respect to a pair of ideals, and study its various properties. We analyze their structure, upper and lower vanishing and non-vanishing properties. There are various exact sequences concerning formal cohomology modules, among them we have a Mayer-Vietoris sequence with respect to pair ideals. Also, we give another proof for a generalized version of the local duality theorems for Gorenstein, Cohen-Macaulay rings, and a generalization of the Grothendieck duality theorem for Gorenstein rings. We discuss the concept of formal grade with respect to a pair of ideals and give some results about this.
"On formal local cohomology modules with respect to a pair of ideals." J. Commut. Algebra 8 (3) 337 - 366, 2016. https://doi.org/10.1216/JCA-2016-8-3-337