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Large amplitudes and attenuating vibration periods result in fatigue, instability, and poor structural performance. In light of past approaches in this field, this paper intends to discuss some innovative approaches in vibration control of intelligent structures, particularly in the case of structures with embedded piezoelectric materials. Control strategies are presented, such as the linear quadratic control theory, as well as more advanced theories, such as robust control theory. The paper presents sufficiently a recognizable advance in knowledge of active vibration control in intelligent structures.
Nonlinear faults are difficultly separated for amounts of redundancy process variables in process industry. This paper introduces an improved kernel fisher distinguish analysis method (KFDA). All the original process variables with faults are firstly optimally classified in multi-KFDA (MKFDA) subspace to obtain fisher criterion values. Multikernel is used to consider different distributions for variables. Then each variable is eliminated once from original sets, and new projection is computed with the same MKFDA direction. From this, differences between new Fisher criterion values and the original ones are tested. If it changed obviously, the effect of eliminated variable should be much important on faults called false nearest neighbors (FNN). The same test is applied to the remaining variables in turn. Two nonlinear faults crossed in Tennessee Eastman process are separated with lower observation variables for further study. Results show that the method in the paper can eliminate redundant and irrelevant nonlinear process variables as well as enhancing the accuracy of classification.
A method of solving optimal manoeuvre control of linear underactuated mechanical systems is presented. The nonintegrable constraints present in such systems are handled by adding dummy actuators and then by applying Lagrange multipliers to reduce their action to zero. The open- and closed-loop control schemes can be analyzed. The method, referred to as the constrained modal space optimal control (CMSOC), is illustrated in the examples of gantry crane operations.