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2006 The Superpolynomial for Knot Homologies
Nathan M. Dunfield, Sergei Gukov, Jacob Rasmussen
Experiment. Math. 15(2): 129-160 (2006).


We propose a framework for unifying the $\mathrm{sl}(N)$ Khovanov--Rozansky homology (for all $N$) with the knot Floer homology. We argue that this unification should be accomplished by a triply graded homology theory that categorifies the HOMFLY polynomial. Moreover, this theory should have an additional formal structure of a family of differentials. Roughly speaking, the triply graded theory by itself captures the large-$N$ behavior of the $\mathrm{sl}(N)$ homology, and differentials capture nonstable behavior for small $N$, including knot Floer homology. The differentials themselves should come from another variant of $\mathrm{sl}(N)$ homology, namely the deformations of it studied by Gornik, building on work of Lee.

While we do not give a mathematical definition of the triply graded theory, the rich formal structure we propose is powerful enough to make many nontrivial predictions about the existing knot homologies that can then be checked directly. We include many examples in which we can exhibit a likely candidate for the triply graded theory, and these demonstrate the internal consistency of our axioms. We conclude with a detailed study of torus knots, developing a picture that gives new predictions even for the original $\mathrm{sl}(2)$ Khovanov homology.


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Nathan M. Dunfield. Sergei Gukov. Jacob Rasmussen. "The Superpolynomial for Knot Homologies." Experiment. Math. 15 (2) 129 - 160, 2006.


Published: 2006
First available in Project Euclid: 5 April 2007

zbMATH: 1118.57012
MathSciNet: MR2253002

Primary: 14N35 , 57M25 , 57R56 , 57R58 , 81T30

Keywords: HOMFLY polynomial , Khovanov-Rozansky homology , knot Floer homology

Rights: Copyright © 2006 A K Peters, Ltd.


Vol.15 • No. 2 • 2006
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