In the q-voter model, the voter at x changes its opinion at rate , where is the fraction of neighbors with the opposite opinion. Mean-field calculations suggest that there should be coexistence between opinions if and clustering if . This model has been extensively studied by physicists, but we do not know of any rigorous results. In this paper, we use the machinery of voter model perturbations to show that the conjectured behavior holds for q close to 1. More precisely, we show that if , then for any the process on the three-dimensional torus with n points survives for time , and after an initial transient phase has a density that it is always close to 1/2. Readers familiar with long time survival results for the contact process and other praticle systems might expect the conjecture to say survival occurs for time with , however we show persistence does not hold for with . If , then the process rapidly reaches fixation on one opinion. It is interesting to note that in the second case the limiting ODE (on its sped up time scale) reaches 0 at time but the stochastic process on the same time scale dies out at time .
PA was partially supported by the NSF Grant DMS 1713032. MS was supported by a National Defense Science & Engineering Graduate Fellowship. RD was partially supported by NSF grant DMS 1809967 from the probability program.
This work was begun during the 2019 AMS Math Research Communities meeting on Stochastic Spatial Models, June 9–15, 2019. We would like to thank Hwai-Ray Tung, a graduate student at Duke for producing the figures.
"The q-voter model on the torus." Electron. J. Probab. 26 1 - 33, 2021. https://doi.org/10.1214/21-EJP682