We examine a two-dimensional Coulomb gas consisting of n identical repelling point charges at an arbitrary inverse temperature β, subjected to a suitable external field.
We prove that the gas is effectively localized to a small neighbourhood of the droplet – the support of the equilibrium measure determined by the external field. More precisely, we prove that the distance between the droplet and the vacuum is with very high probability at most proportional to
This order of magnitude is known to be “tight” when and the external field is radially symmetric.
In addition, we prove estimates for the one-point function in a neighbourhood of the droplet, proving in particular a fast uniform decay as one moves beyond a distance roughly of the order from the droplet.
I am grateful to Seong-Mi Seo and Djalil Chafaï for comments and appreciated help.
"A localization theorem for the planar Coulomb gas in an external field." Electron. J. Probab. 26 1 - 21, 2021. https://doi.org/10.1214/21-EJP613