We prove limit theorems for systems of interacting diffusions on sparse graphs. For example, we deduce a hydrodynamic limit and the propagation of chaos property for the stochastic Kuramoto model with interactions determined by Erdös-Rényi graphs with constant mean degree. The limiting object is related to a potentially infinite system of SDEs defined over a Galton-Watson tree. Our theorems apply more generally, when the sequence of graphs (“decorated" with edge and vertex parameters) converges in the local weak sense. Our main technical result is a locality estimate bounding the influence of far-away diffusions on one another. We also numerically explore the emergence of synchronization phenomena on Galton-Watson random trees, observing rich phase transitions from synchronized to desynchronized activity among nodes at different distances from the root.
"Interacting diffusions on sparse graphs: hydrodynamics from local weak limits." Electron. J. Probab. 25 1 - 35, 2020. https://doi.org/10.1214/20-EJP505