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2020 Averaging Gaussian functionals
David Nualart, Guangqu Zheng
Electron. J. Probab. 25: 1-54 (2020). DOI: 10.1214/20-EJP453


This paper consists of two parts. In the first part, we focus on the average of a functional over shifted Gaussian homogeneous noise and as the averaging domain covers the whole space, we establish a Breuer-Major type Gaussian fluctuation based on various assumptions on the covariance kernel and/or the spectral measure. Our methodology for the first part begins with the application of Malliavin calculus around Nualart-Peccati’s Fourth Moment Theorem, and in addition we apply the Fourier techniques as well as a soft approximation argument based on Bessel functions of first kind.

The same methodology leads us to investigate a closely related problem in the second part. We study the spatial average of a linear stochastic heat equation driven by space-time Gaussian colored noise. The temporal covariance kernel $\gamma _{0}$ is assumed to be locally integrable in this paper. If the spatial covariance kernel is nonnegative and integrable on the whole space, then the spatial average admits the Gaussian fluctuation; with some extra mild integrability condition on $\gamma _{0}$, we are able to provide a functional central limit theorem. These results complement recent studies on the spatial average for SPDEs. Our analysis also allows us to consider the case where the spatial covariance kernel is not integrable: For example, in the case of the Riesz kernel, the first chaotic component of the spatial average is dominant so that the Gaussian fluctuation also holds true.


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David Nualart. Guangqu Zheng. "Averaging Gaussian functionals." Electron. J. Probab. 25 1 - 54, 2020.


Received: 29 October 2019; Accepted: 7 April 2020; Published: 2020
First available in Project Euclid: 28 April 2020

zbMATH: 1441.60049
MathSciNet: MR4092767
Digital Object Identifier: 10.1214/20-EJP453

Primary: 60F05 , 60G15 , 60H07 , 60H15

Keywords: Breuer-Major theorem , central limit theorem , Dalang’s condition , Malliavin calculus , Riesz kernel , Stochastic heat equation


Vol.25 • 2020
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