The study of random partitions has been an active research area in probability over the last twenty years. A quantity that has attracted a lot of attention is the number of blocks in the random partition. Depending on the area of applications this quantity could represent the number of species in a sample from a population of individuals or he number of cycles in a random permutation, etc. In the context of Bayesian nonparametric inference such a quantity is associated with the exchangeable random partition induced by sampling from certain prior models, for instance the Dirichlet process and the two parameter Poisson-Dirichlet process. In this paper we generalize some existing asymptotic results from this prior setting to the so-called posterior, or conditional, setting. Specifically, given an initial sample from a two parameter Poisson-Dirichlet process, we establish conditional fluctuation limits and conditional large deviation principles for the number of blocks generated by a large additional sample.
"Asymptotics for the number of blocks in a conditional Ewens-Pitman sampling model." Electron. J. Probab. 19 1 - 15, 2014. https://doi.org/10.1214/EJP.v19-2881