Consider a discrete time Markov chain with rather general state space which has an invariant probability measure μ. There are several sufficient conditions in the literature which guarantee convergence of all or μ-almost all transition probabilities to μ in the total variation (TV) metric: irreducibility plus aperiodicity, equivalence properties of transition probabilities, or coupling properties. In this work, we review and improve some of these criteria in such a way that they become necessary and sufficient for TV convergence of all respectively μ-almost all transition probabilities. In addition, we discuss so-called generalized couplings.
"Convergence of Markov chain transition probabilities." Electron. Commun. Probab. 26 1 - 13, 2021. https://doi.org/10.1214/21-ECP395