We consider the probability that a weighted sum of n i.i.d. random variables $X_j, j = 1,\ldots,n$, with stretched exponential tails is larger than its expectation and determine the rate of its decay, under suitable conditions on the weights. We show that the decay is subexponential, and identify the rate function in terms of the tails of $X_j$ and the weights. Our result generalizes the large deviation principle given by Kiesel and Stadtmüller as well as the tail asymptotics for sums of i.i.d. random variables provided by Nagaev. As an application of our result, motivated by random projections of high-dimensional vectors, we consider the case of random, self-normalized weights that are independent of the sequence $X_j$, identify the decay rate for both the quenched and annealed large deviations in this case, and show that they coincide. As another example we consider weights derived from kernel functions that arise in nonparametric regression.
"Large deviations for weighted sums of stretched exponential random variables." Electron. Commun. Probab. 19 1 - 14, 2014. https://doi.org/10.1214/ECP.v19-3266