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2011 Reconstruction on Trees: Exponential Moment Bounds for Linear Estimators
Yuval Peres, Sebastien Roch
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Electron. Commun. Probab. 16: 251-261 (2011). DOI: 10.1214/ECP.v16-1630


Consider a Markov chain $(\xi_v)_{v \in V} \in [k]^V$ on the infinite $b$-ary tree $T = (V,E)$ with irreducible edge transition matrix $M$, where $b \geq 2$, $k \geq 2$ and $[k] = \{1,\ldots,k\}$. We denote by $L_n$ the level-$n$ vertices of $T$. Assume $M$ has a real second-largest (in absolute value) eigenvalue $\lambda$ with corresponding real eigenvector $\nu \neq 0$. Letting $\sigma_v = \nu_{\xi_v}$, we consider the following root-state estimator, which was introduced by Mossel and Peres (2003) in the context of the ``recontruction problem'' on trees: \begin{equation*} S_n = (b\lambda)^{-n} \sum_{x\in L_n} \sigma_x. \end{equation*} As noted by Mossel and Peres, when $b\lambda^2 > 1$ (the so-called Kesten-Stigum reconstruction phase) the quantity $S_n$ has uniformly bounded variance. Here, we give bounds on the moment-generating functions of $S_n$ and $S_n^2$ when $b\lambda^2 > 1$. Our results have implications for the inference of evolutionary trees.


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Yuval Peres. Sebastien Roch. "Reconstruction on Trees: Exponential Moment Bounds for Linear Estimators." Electron. Commun. Probab. 16 251 - 261, 2011.


Accepted: 19 May 2011; Published: 2011
First available in Project Euclid: 7 June 2016

zbMATH: 1237.60068
MathSciNet: MR2802041
Digital Object Identifier: 10.1214/ECP.v16-1630

Primary: 60J80
Secondary: 92D15


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