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February 2017 From heavy-tailed Boolean models to scale-free Gilbert graphs
Christian Hirsch
Braz. J. Probab. Stat. 31(1): 111-143 (February 2017). DOI: 10.1214/15-BJPS305


Define the scale-free Gilbert graph based on a Boolean model with heavy-tailed radius distribution on the $d$-dimensional torus by connecting two centers of balls by an edge if at least one of the balls contains the center of the other. We investigate two asymptotic properties of this graph as the size of the torus tends to infinity. First, we determine the tail index associated with the asymptotic distribution of the sum of all power-weighted incoming and outgoing edge lengths at a randomly chosen vertex. Second, we study the behavior of chemical distances on scale-free Gilbert graphs and show the existence of different regimes depending on the tail index of the radius distribution. Despite some similarities to long-range percolation and ultra-small scale-free geometric networks, scale-free Gilbert graphs are actually more closely related to fractal percolation and this connection gives rise to different scaling limits. We also propose a modification of the graph, where the total number of edges can be reduced substantially at the cost of introducing a logarithmic factor in the chemical distances.


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Christian Hirsch. "From heavy-tailed Boolean models to scale-free Gilbert graphs." Braz. J. Probab. Stat. 31 (1) 111 - 143, February 2017.


Received: 1 April 2015; Accepted: 1 December 2015; Published: February 2017
First available in Project Euclid: 25 January 2017

zbMATH: 1380.60087
MathSciNet: MR3601663
Digital Object Identifier: 10.1214/15-BJPS305

Keywords: Boolean model , chemical distances , First-passage percolation , Random geometric graph , Scale-free network

Rights: Copyright © 2017 Brazilian Statistical Association


Vol.31 • No. 1 • February 2017
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