The multiplicative coalescent is a mean-field Markov process in which any pair of blocks coalesces at rate proportional to the product of their masses. In Aldous and Limic (Electron. J. Probab. 3 (1998) Paper no. 3) each extreme eternal version of the multiplicative coalescent was described in three different ways, one of which matched its (marginal) law to that of the ordered excursion lengths above past minima of a certain Lévy-type process.
Using a modification of the breadth-first-walk construction from Aldous (Ann. Probab. 25 (1997) 812–854) and Aldous and Limic (Electron. J. Probab. 3 (1998) Paper no. 3), and some new insight from the thesis by Uribe Bravo (Markovian bridges, Brownian excursions, and stochastic fragmentation and coalescence (2007) UNAM), this work settles an open problem (3) from Aldous (Ann. Probab. 25 (1997) 812–854) in the more general context of Aldous and Limic (Electron. J. Probab. 3 (1998) Paper no. 3). Informally speaking, each eternal version is entirely encoded by its Lévy-type process, and contrary to Aldous’ original intuition, the time for the multiplicative coalescent does correspond to the linear increase in the constant part of the drift of the Lévy-type process. In the “standard multiplicative coalescent” context of Aldous (Ann. Probab. 25 (1997) 812–854), this result was first announced by Armendáriz in 2001, while its first published proof is due to Broutin and Marckert (Probab. Theory Related Fields 166 (2016) 515–552), who simultaneously account for the process of excess (or surplus) edge counts.
"The eternal multiplicative coalescent encoding via excursions of Lévy-type processes." Bernoulli 25 (4A) 2479 - 2507, November 2019. https://doi.org/10.3150/18-BEJ1060