The Wasserstein distance between two probability measures on a metric space is a measure of closeness with applications in statistics, probability, and machine learning. In this work, we consider the fundamental question of how quickly the empirical measure obtained from $n$ independent samples from $\mu$ approaches $\mu$ in the Wasserstein distance of any order. We prove sharp asymptotic and finite-sample results for this rate of convergence for general measures on general compact metric spaces. Our finite-sample results show the existence of multi-scale behavior, where measures can exhibit radically different rates of convergence as $n$ grows.
"Sharp asymptotic and finite-sample rates of convergence of empirical measures in Wasserstein distance." Bernoulli 25 (4A) 2620 - 2648, November 2019. https://doi.org/10.3150/18-BEJ1065