This paper proposes feasible asymptotically efficient estimators for a certain class of Gaussian noises with self-similarity and stationarity properties, which includes the fractional Gaussian noises, under high frequency observations. In this setting, the optimal rate of estimation depends on whether either the Hurst or diffusion parameters is known or not. This is due to the singularity of the asymptotic Fisher information matrix for simultaneous estimation of the above two parameters. One of our key ideas is to extend the Whittle estimation method to the situation of high frequency observations. We show that our estimators are asymptotically efficient in Fisher’s sense. Further by Monte-Carlo experiments, we examine finite sample performances of our estimators. Finite sample modifications of the asymptotic variances of the estimators are also given, which exhibit almost perfect fits to the numerical results.
"Asymptotically efficient estimators for self-similar stationary Gaussian noises under high frequency observations." Bernoulli 25 (3) 1870 - 1900, August 2019. https://doi.org/10.3150/18-BEJ1039