Recently, Chernozhukov, Chetverikov, and Kato (Ann. Statist. 42 (2014) 1564–1597) developed a new Gaussian comparison inequality for approximating the suprema of empirical processes. This paper exploits this technique to devise sharp inference on spectra of large random matrices. In particular, we show that two long-standing problems in random matrix theory can be solved: (i) simple bootstrap inference on sample eigenvalues when true eigenvalues are tied; (ii) conducting two-sample Roy’s covariance test in high dimensions. To establish the asymptotic results, a generalized $\varepsilon$-net argument regarding the matrix rescaled spectral norm and several new empirical process bounds are developed and of independent interest.
"On Gaussian comparison inequality and its application to spectral analysis of large random matrices." Bernoulli 24 (3) 1787 - 1833, August 2018. https://doi.org/10.3150/16-BEJ912