We discuss estimation and testing of hypotheses in a partial linear regression model, that is, a regression model where the regression function is the sum of a linear and a nonparametric component. We focus on the case where the covariables and the random noise do not necessarily have summable autocovariance functions, and the estimators and test statistics are based on kernel smoothing. We obtain the bias, variance and asymptotic distribution of both estimators for the parametric and nonparametric parts, as well as the asymptotic distributions of the statistics used, both under the null hypothesis and local alternatives. We thus generalize the results of Speckman and of Beran and Ghosh to the case of general structures for the autocovariance function and complete the results of González-Manteiga and Vilar-Fernández to the case of a partial linear regression model. Simulations and a real data example provide promising results for our tests.
"Estimation and testing in a partial linear regression model under long-memory dependence." Bernoulli 10 (1) 49 - 78, February 2004. https://doi.org/10.3150/bj/1077544603