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An expression of the multivariate sigma function associated with an (n,s)-curve is given in terms of algebraic integrals. As a corollary the first term of the series expansion around the origin of the sigma function is directly proved to be Schur function determined from the gap sequence at infinity.
For the Laguerre geometry in the dual plane, invariant arc length is shown to arise naturally through the use of a pair of distance functions. These distances are useful for identifying equivalence classes of curves, within which the extremal curves are proved to be strict maximizers of Laguerre arc length among three-times differentiable curves of constant signature in a prescribed isotopy class. For smoother curves, it is shown that Laguerre curvature determines the distortion of the distance functions. These results extend existing work for the Möbius geometry in the complex plane.
We show that some riemannian manifolds diffeomorphic to the sphere have the property that the cut loci of general points are smoothly embedded closed disks of codimension one. Ellipsoids with distinct axes are typical examples of such manifolds.