The monotone regression of a variable $X$ on another variable $Y$ is of particular interest when $Y$ cannot be directly observed. The correlation of $X$ and $Y$ can be tested if at least high and low values of $Y$ can be recognized. If all the components of a random vector have monotone regression on a variable $Y$, and if they are all uncorrelated given $Y$, then an inequality due to Chebyshev shows that marginal zero covariances imply that all but at most one of the components are uncorrelated with $Y$. Cases are examined where marginal uncorrelatedness of attributes implies their independence. Applications to contaminated experiments and to discriminant analysis are noted.
"Monotone Regression and Covariance Structure." Ann. Statist. 7 (5) 1121 - 1126, September, 1979. https://doi.org/10.1214/aos/1176344794