We investigate the frequentist coverage of Bayesian credible sets in a nonparametric setting. We consider a scale of priors of varying regularity and choose the regularity by an empirical Bayes method. Next we consider a central set of prescribed posterior probability in the posterior distribution of the chosen regularity. We show that such an adaptive Bayes credible set gives correct uncertainty quantification of “polished tail” parameters, in the sense of high probability of coverage of such parameters. On the negative side, we show by theory and example that adaptation of the prior necessarily leads to gross and haphazard uncertainty quantification for some true parameters that are still within the hyperrectangle regularity scale.
Botond Szabó. A. W. van der Vaart. J. H. van Zanten. "Frequentist coverage of adaptive nonparametric Bayesian credible sets." Ann. Statist. 43 (4) 1391 - 1428, August 2015. https://doi.org/10.1214/14-AOS1270