Motivated by applications to prediction and forecasting, we suggest methods for approximating the conditional distribution function of a random variable Y given a dependent random d-vector X. The idea is to estimate not the distribution of Y|X, but that of Y|θTX, where the unit vector θ is selected so that the approximation is optimal under a least-squares criterion. We show that θ may be estimated root-n consistently. Furthermore, estimation of the conditional distribution function of Y, given θTX, has the same first-order asymptotic properties that it would enjoy if θ were known. The proposed method is illustrated using both simulated and real-data examples, showing its effectiveness for both independent datasets and data from time series. Numerical work corroborates the theoretical result that θ can be estimated particularly accurately.
"Approximating conditional distribution functions using dimension reduction." Ann. Statist. 33 (3) 1404 - 1421, June 2005. https://doi.org/10.1214/009053604000001282