Suppose that an order restriction is imposed among several p-variate normal mean vectors. We are interested in testing the homogeneity of these mean vectors under this restriction. This problem is a multivariate extension of Bartholomew's [Biometrika} 46 (1959) 36-48]. When the covariance matrices are known, this problem has been studied by Sasabuchi, Inutsuka and Kulatunga [Hiroshima Math. J. 22 (1992) 551-560], Sasabuchi, Kulatunga and Saito [Amer. J. Math. Management Sci. 18 (1998) 131-158] and some others. In the present paper, we consider the case when the covariance matrices are common but unknown. We propose a test statistic, study its upper tail probability under the null hypothesis and estimate its critical points.
"Testing homogeneity of multivariate normal mean vectors under an order restriction when the covariance matrices are common but unknown." Ann. Statist. 31 (5) 1517 - 1536, October 2003. https://doi.org/10.1214/aos/1065705117