For a general definition of depth in data analysis a differential-like calculus is constructed in which the location case (the framework of Tukey's median) plays a fundamental role similar to that of linear functions in the mathematical analysis. As an application, a lower bound for maximal regression depth is proved in the general multidimensional case--as conjectured by Rousseeuw and Hubert and others. This lower bound is demonstrated to have an impact on the breakdown point of the maximum depth estimator.
"On depth and deep points: a calculus." Ann. Statist. 30 (6) 1681 - 1736, December 2002. https://doi.org/10.1214/aos/1043351254