Statistical models defined by imposing restrictions on marginal distributions of contingency tables have received considerable attention recently. This paper introduces a general definition of marginal log-linear parameters and describes conditions for a marginal log-linear parameter to be a smooth parameterization of the distribution and to be variation independent. Statistical models defined by imposing affine restrictions on the marginal log-linear parameters are investigated. These models generalize ordinary log-linear and multivariate logistic models. Sufficient conditions for a log-affine marginal model to be nonempty and to be a curved exponential family are given. Standard large-sample theory is shown to apply to maximum likelihood estimation of log-affine marginal models for a variety of sampling procedures.
"Marginal models for categorical data." Ann. Statist. 30 (1) 140 - 159, February 2002. https://doi.org/10.1214/aos/1015362188